Design and performance analysis of a new soft handoff scheme for CDMA cellular systems

TitleDesign and performance analysis of a new soft handoff scheme for CDMA cellular systems
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsX Ma, Y Liu, and KS Trivedi
JournalIeee Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Volume55
Start Page1603
Issue5
Pagination1603 - 1612
Date Published09/2006
Abstract

In this paper, a new soft handoff scheme for CDMA cellular systems is proposed and investigated. It is pointed out that some handoff calls unnecessarily occupy multiple channels with little contribution to the performance of handoffs in IS95/CDMA2000-based handoff schemes or systems. To alleviate performance degradation due to channel resource shortage during soft handoff, a new concept of channel convertible set (CCS), which contains several types of handoff calls that unnecessarily occupy extra channels by considering the relative mobility of the calls in the handoff area is introduced. A new scheme that reallocates those extra channels in the CCS to new handoff calls when there is no available free channel in the system is proposed. Furthermore, according to the variation of the CCS, the proposed scheme dynamically adjusts the number of guard channels reserved exclusively for handoff. Then, the feasibility and implementation issues of the proposed scheme are discussed. To evaluate and compare performance indexes of different soft handoff schemes, continuous-time Markov chain models are constructed. Automated generation and solution of the underlying Markov chains are facilitated by stochastic reward net models, which are specified and solved by stochastic Petri net package. Numerical results show that this scheme can significantly decrease both the number of dropped handoff calls and the number of blocked calls without degrading the quality of communication service and the soft handoff process. © 2006 IEEE.

DOI10.1109/TVT.2006.877489
Short TitleIeee Transactions on Vehicular Technology