Impact of Service Function Aging on the Dependability for MEC Service Function Chain

TitleImpact of Service Function Aging on the Dependability for MEC Service Function Chain
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsJ Bai, X Chang, F Machida, L Jiang, Z Han, and KS Trivedi
JournalIeee Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing
Date Published01/2022

The Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC) and Network Function Virtualization (NFV) integrated architecture is a key enabling platform for 5G to run multiple customized services in the form of service function chain (SFC) configured as an ordered set of service functions (SFs). However, memory-related software aging in the SF that can be exploited by attackers becomes a new threat to the dependability of MEC-SFC services. To provide dependable MEC-SFC services, proactive rejuvenation techniques to counteract the SF aging problem are essential. In this paper, we develop a semi-Markov model to quantitatively investigate the transient availability and steady-state dependability (availability and reliability) of MEC-SFC services. Our model enables the analysis of a MEC-SFC with any number of SFs, and can capture complex time-dependent behaviors of aging, failure, and recovery. The approximate accuracies of the presented model on dependability measures are comprehensively evaluated through comparative studies with simulation experiments. We then detect potential bottlenecks for a MEC-SFC system through sensitivity analysis and further analyze the impact of event-time interval distributions on steady-state dependability. Finally, we investigate the transient behaviors of a MEC-SFC service when varying system parameters during MEC-SFC operation.

Short TitleIeee Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing